Pink snakeweed stachytarpheta mutabilis looks very similar to a giant version of dark blue snakeweed growing to 2 m or more. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the university of south florida and other herbaria. Cayenne snakeweed stachytarpheta cayennensis has stems and leaves similar to the dark blue snakeweed, but. Sheldon navie mauve coloured flowers about 8 mm across that are borne on relatively robust flower spikes 35 mm thick. Vahl pink porterweed c also known as pink snakeweed or orange porterweed. This variety of blue porterweed is an upright perennial growing to 3 feet in height with branching stems, a woody base and long tap root. The only native porterweed is stachytarpheta jamaicensis, which has blue to purple flowers. This document is fps559, one of a series of the environmental horticulture department, ufifas extension. Stachytarpheta jamaicensis blue porterweed 2 fruit fruit shape. But like ive mentioned above it is hard to distinguish those two species and their many hybrids that often dominate the landscape. It was introduced widely introduced into several tropical countries around the world as an ornamental species due to its attractive blue flowers, but in some countries it has become invasive. The results of this study have shown that the ethanolic leaf extract of stachytarpheta cayennensis possesses antimalarial activity as seen in its ability to suppress plasmodium berghei infection in the two models evaluated. Provided by ars systematic botany and mycology laboratory.
Its stems and leaves are almost or totally hairless i. Hosted by the usgs core science analytics and synthesis. Pharmacognostic studies of the leaves of stachytarpheta jamaicensis. The leaves have strongly toothed edges and pointed tips and are similar to lantana. Dark blue snakeweed stachytarpheta urticifolia has a smooth stem and soft leaves with a lumpy or rough surface. Biological control the potential for biological control of s. Pharmacognostic studies of the leaves of stachytarpheta.
Stachytarpheta jamaicensis leaf extract journal of scientific and. Uses, benefits, cures, side effects, nutrients in stachytarpheta jamaicensis. Vahl verbenaceae is a weedy annual herbaceous plant that grows 60120 cm tall. The species with pink ro read flowers is the exotic stachytarpheta mutabilis, which is native to south america and not florida. Vahl belongs to the family of verbenaceae and is commonly known as gervao, brazilian tea, verbena. Dark blue snakeweed stachytarpheta cayennensis also hybridises with other species, and hybrids between it and both light blue snakeweed stachytarpheta jamaicensis and pink snakeweed stachytarpheta mutabilis have also become naturalised in queensland. This plant mostly grows in the tropical regions of america, as well as in the subtropical forests of africa, asia, and oceania. This page was last edited on 14 december 2019, at 11. Vahl belongs to the family of verbenaceae and is commonly known as gervao, brazilian tea, verbena cimarrona.
Stachytarpheta jamaicensis is used in the bahamas to treat issues of circulation high blood pressure, the gastrointestinal tract worms, constipation, the respiratory system, blistersboils, chills, and fevers. Records of this species in osceola and wakulla counties appear related to plants naturalized from plantings. Plants grow about 4 feet tall by 6 feet wide before stems droop and touch the ground. In the lesser antilles it is boiled to treat colds and fevers. General information stachytarpheta jamaicensis is a wellbranched. Flowers in a terminal spike, embedded in the rachis, which is 35 mm diameter. Fps559 stachytarpheta jamaicensis blue porterweed1 edward f. There is no pink or red flowered variety of this native. Kandikandilaan, bastard vervain, stachytarpheta jamaicensis. Immunomodulatory assay of water extract of herbs have been. Pdf antidiarrhoeal activity of methanol extract of. Stachytarpheta species, jamaican porterweed stachytarpheta. Chemical investigation of the bioactive constituents from the leaves of stachytarpheta jamaicensis linn vahl gervao.
If the file has been modified from its original state, some details such as the timestamp may not fully reflect those of the original file. The nonnative stachytarpheta cayennensis is often mistaken for the native s. Isolation and characterization of steroidal glycosides. This justifies the traditional usage of this plant as malarial remedy. Philippine herbal medicine an illustrated compilation of medicinal plants in the philippines by dr godofredo stuart, with botanical information, chemical properties, folkloric uses and medicinal studies. Vahl belongs to the family of verbenaceae and is commonly known as gervao. Plants profile for stachytarpheta jamaicensis lightblue. It has many common names including blue porterweed, blue snake weed, bastard vervain, brazilian tea, jamaica vervain, and lightblue snakeweed.
Immunomodulatory effect of water extract of stachytarpheta. Stachytarpheta cayennensis can be a noxious weed and is listed as a category ii nonnative invasive plant by the florida exotic pest plant council. List of various diseases cured by stachytarpheta jamaicensis. Weeds of australia biosecurity queensland edition fact sheet. Leaves are very similar to the dark blue snakeweeds, but bigger and the flowers are bigger and bright pink to red. Br was undertaken for evaluation of antidiarrhoeal activity in albino mice male weighing between 4050gm was used in this study. Lightblue snakeweed stachytarpheta jamaicensis has has blue or purple flowers and thicker, hairless flower stalks and fleshy leaves with hairless lower leaf surfaces. Stachytarpheta urticifolia, commonly sold by nonnative nurseries, is native to tropical asia. Stachytarpheta jamaicensis florida native plant society. Stachytarpheta jamaicensis usually create wide small shrub up to around 80cm hight and even over 1m width, while stachytarpheta cayennensis is more robust and can reach well over 1,5 m height. Stachytarpheta jamaicensis herb uses, benefits, cures, side. It bears small reddishpurple to deep blue flowers that grow along tall bracts.
Stachytarpheta jamaicensis in the plant list version 1. Page designed through the cooperative efforts of interagency itis teams. The following herbicides are registered for the control of stachytarpheta spp. How stachytarpheta jamaicensis is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Light blue snakeweed stachytarpheta jamaicensis has smooth stems. Nettleleaf velvetberry stachytarpheta urticifolia has dark blue or purple flowers and hairless flower stalks. Vahl is a member of the family of verbenaceae and is commonly known as gervao, brazilian tea, verbena cimarrona, rooter comb, or blue porter weed 1, 7. Supercritical co2 extraction of bioactive compounds from stachytarpheta jamaicensis l vahl. View picture of stachytarpheta species, jamaican porterweed stachytarpheta jamaicensis at daves garden. Be sure to purchase your plants from trusted sources to ensure you are getting the native species. Vahl belongs to the family of verbenaceae and is commonly known as gervao, brazilian tea, verbena cimarrona, rooter comb, or blue porter weed. This phytochemical is the natural precursor to aspirin.
Names of stachytarpheta jamaicensis in various languages of the world are also given. Porterweed is a small perennial shrub that becomes woody toward the base of the stem as is grows to about one year old. Stachytarpheta jamaicensis is a species of plant in the family verbenaceae, native throughout the caribbean. The atlas of florida plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. It is a native of tropical america and is acclimatized in other parts of the tropics. Vahl belongs to the family o f verbenaceae and is commonly kno wn as gervao, brazilian tea, verbena cimarrona, rooter co mb, or blue porter weed. Stachytarpheta cayennensis is a rather slender, branched herb or shrub growing up to 1. Pdf supercritical co2 extraction of bioactive compounds.
Light blue snakeweed stachytarpheta jamaicensis also hybridises with other species, and hybrids between it and both dark blue snakeweed stachytarpheta cayennensis and pink snakeweed stachytarpheta mutabilis have also become naturalised in queensland. Stachytarpheta cayennensis is a species of flowering plant in the verbena family known by many english language common names, including blue snakeweed, cayenne snakeweed, darkblue snakeweed, bluetop, nettleleaf porterweed, rattail, roughleaf false vervain, blue rats tail, brazilian tea, cayenne vervain, false verbena, joee, nettleleaf. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the creative commons cc0 license. Verbenaceae stachytarpheta jamaicensis stachytarpheta jamaicensis l.
Indian journal of pharmacology university of toronto tspace. Stachytarpheta sanguinea dwarf red porterweed this is a lowgrowing herbaceous perennial to about two feet tall with bright red flowers on long, slender spikes held above the foliage. The objective of this study was to test immunomodulatory effect of water extract of s. In vivo antimalarial activity of ethanolic leaf extract of.1000 829 1214 75 825 1192 332 1046 1439 908 720 958 1333 462 732 1484 291 694 1480 22 1460 1024 848 1356 1252 766 1104 1400 1138 1314 118 1158 420 1167 329 188 1043 917 398 1180 37 547 1052